Displaying 1 - 21 of 21

Nutrient guidelines for hydroponic tomato production

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Submitted by Elsewhere on 2021-Jan-28 Thu 10:00
2021-Jan-28 Thu 10:00

It is important to conduct water and nutrient solution analyses on a regular basis to ensure hydroponic tomatoes are receiving the proper level of nutrients. Making sure that hydroponically-grown tomatoes receive the proper nutrient levels requires testing water and nutrient solutions. Growers also need…

Studying poultry wastewater as way to irrigate crops

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Submitted by Elsewhere on 2021-Jan-18 Mon 09:11
2021-Jan-18 Mon 09:11

As fresh water supplies become increasingly limited and the world's population continues to grow, Auburn University College of Agriculture researchers are working on ways to find and utilize alternative water resources for irrigating crops. "One proven source that can meet this demand is wastewater,"…

New in-line fertilizer injection and irrigation unit showcased

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Submitted by Elsewhere on 2021-Jan-15 Fri 06:16
2021-Jan-15 Fri 06:16

GHBD Holland B.V., manufacturer and supplier of water treatment equipment for the horticultural and agricultural industry, introduces the new In-line fertilizer injection and irrigation unit. Jan Wijgerse of GHBD Holland has years of experience in exporting this equipment to many countries and knows the…

"Strawberry production with organic fertilizer is significantly higher”

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Submitted by Elsewhere on 2020-Dec-23 Wed 10:49
2020-Dec-23 Wed 10:49

In innovation center ‘de Kas’ by Van der Knaap Group, tests are being conducted with a diverse range of vegetable crops. The tests focus on various types of substrates and mineral versus organic nutrition for crops. This article will discuss the strawberry test conducted. Last year, Van der Knaap…

How green is my fertiliser?

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Submitted by Elsewhere on 2020-Dec-17 Thu 14:45
2020-Dec-17 Thu 14:45

An Indo-Australian collaborative effort is using nano-biotechnology to make fertilisers that improve crop yields, while reducing carbon footprints On an average, a farmer in India has to use about 100 kg of various conventional fertilisers to grow 1 acre of paddy. While some part of the fertiliser is absorbed by the plants, the…

📄 Shelf-Life of Bunched Carrots as Affected by Nitrogen Fertilization and Leaf Presence

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Submitted by Elsewhere on 2020-Dec-16 Wed 14:45
2020-Dec-16 Wed 14:45

Nitrogen (N) fertilization is essential for adequate earliness and the commercial attractiveness of carrots, but its excess could generate fast decay during postharvest, mostly in bunched carrots exhibiting their highly perishable leaves. A field experiment was conducted over the 2016–2017 growing season to address the effects of two N fertilization rates (120 and 240 kg N ha−1, hereafter N120 and N240, respectively) and leaf presence/absence (leaf+ and leaf−) on physicochemical and compositional traits of carrots cv. ‘Dordogne’, after storage at 4.0 ± 0.5 °C, 95–96% relative humidity (RH) for 0, 3, 6, 12, and 24 days (hereafter S0–S24). Before storage, carrots were arranged in bunches and packaged in common low-density polyethylene (LDPE) pouches (thickness 95 μm), 54 × 24 cm size, with 16 holes of 5 mm size. N240 carrots compared to N120 showed higher cumulative weight loss (CWL) and firmness reduction, with differences at S24 equal to 108 vs. 41 g kg−1 fresh weight (FW) and 13.3 vs. 14.5 N, respectively. N240 compared to N120 increased also the color deviation (ΔE*ab, +126%) and nitrates content (+93%) of carrots and slowed down their temporal increase of total polyphenols and antioxidant activity.

Sheep's wool pellets and their practical use for organic gardening

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Submitted by Elsewhere on 2020-Dec-14 Mon 08:45
2020-Dec-14 Mon 08:45

Together with his partners, Richard Specht runs the Piluweri nursery in Müllheim-Hügelheim. A total of around 60 different types of vegetables are being grown there. The nursery is a pure organic entity; it produces vegetables according to Demeter guidelines. In cultivation, the growers rely on organic…

📄 Growing Medium Type Affects Organic Fertilizer Mineralization and CNPS Microbial Enzyme Activities

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Submitted by Elsewhere on 2020-Dec-14 Mon 05:00
2020-Dec-14 Mon 05:00

Managing plant fertilization is a major concern of greenhouse growers to achieve sustainable production with growing media. Organic fertilization is popular but is more difficult to control, since organic compounds need first to be mineralized by microbes. After 7, 14, 28, and 56 days of incubation, we investigated the response of microbial activities and nutrient releases from three frequently used organic fertilizers (horn and two plant-based fertilizers) in three frequently employed growing media (GM) types (peat, coir, and bark). We measured pH, electrical conductivity, nutrient contents (NH4+-N, NO3−-N, PO43−-P, SO42−-S), and enzyme activities (β-1.4-glucosidase, urease, acid phosphatase, arylsulfatase). After fertilization, microbes in coir expressed all the C, N, P, and S functions studied, making related nutrients available. In peat and bark, some C, N, P, and S-related pathways were locked. Peat presented high NH4+-N and PO43−-P releases linked to high acid phosphatase and β-glucosidase activities, while bark showed high nitrification rates but weak enzyme activities. Fertilizer types modulated these responses with lower activities and nutrient releases with horn. Our results contributed to better understanding mineralization processes in GM, showing different microbial responses to fertilization.

📄 The Effect of Various Types of Biochar Mixed with Mineral Fertilization

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Submitted by Elsewhere on 2020-Dec-02 Wed 13:06
2020-Dec-02 Wed 13:06

This paper focuses on the agronomic evaluation of a synthetic NPK (N in the form of urea, P and K in the form of phosphate monopotassium) fertilizers blended with four types of pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) wood biochar prepared at different thermal regimes (300 °C, 400 °C, 600 °C and 700 °C). The evaluation of benefits was done based on crop nutritional status and soil fertility. The pot experiment was set up with fertile Haplic Luvisol fertilized with 1.85 g kg−1 of blends of biochar (1.25 g) with urea (310 mg) and KH2PO4 (290 mg), which is equivalent to 500 kg ha−1 (biochar ~67.6%; N ~7.8%; P ~3.6%; K ~4.7%) applied before sowing. Only NPK blends made with biochar containing 75% or 85% carbon increased the biomass of 27-day old wheat seedlings from 12% to 20% in comparison to NPK applied alone. These blends raised the content of Mn and Fe in plants but decreased the contents of Ca and Mg. All the tested mixtures enhanced soil fertility by increasing the content of humic acids. Additionally, the content of potentially phytotoxic phenolic compounds was lower. In general, the addition of biochar to NPK fertilizer did not show a negative effect on crop quality. The overall results of the study suggest that the application of low doses of biochar to synthetic fertilizer can benefit crops and can support soil fertility.

📺 Fertilizer Calculator helps growers calculate fertilizer

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Submitted by Elsewhere on 2020-Nov-24 Tue 12:20
2020-Nov-24 Tue 12:20

To get the right amount of fertilizer for your plants requirements and then to change them as your plant grows, and to prepare stock solutions, needs a lot of calculations. The solution is the Fertilizer Calculator, which was created as an easy and fast solution to understanding your soil and hydroponic…

📄 Innovative Controlled-Release Polyurethane-Coated Urea Could Reduce N Leaching in Tomato Crop in Comparison to Conventional and Stabilized Fertilizers

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Submitted by Elsewhere on 2020-Nov-20 Fri 08:50
2020-Nov-20 Fri 08:50

Large amounts of fertilizers are being used in agriculture to sustain growing demands for food, especially in vegetable production systems. Soluble fertilizers can generally ensure high crop yields, but excessive leaching of nutrients, mainly as nitrate, can be a major cause of water pollution. Controlled-release fertilizers improve the nutrient use efficiency and lower the environmental hazard, usually without affecting the production. In this study, an innovative controlled-release coated urea fertilizer was compared to conventional nitrogen (N) fertilizers and a soluble ammonium-based fertilizer containing a nitrification inhibitor, in a round table tomato cultivation. Both the water and N balance were evaluated for each treatment, along with the yield and quality of the production. The experiment was repeated in three different seasons (spring, autumn and summer-autumn) in a glasshouse to prevent the effect of uncontrolled rainfall. The results indicated that N leaching decreased by increasing the percentage of coated urea. The application of at least 50% total N as coated urea strongly reduced N leaching and improved N agronomic efficiency in comparison with traditional fertilizers, ensuring at the same time a similar fruit production. Due to reduced leaching, the total N amount commonly applied by growers could be lowered by 25% without detrimental effects on commercial production.

Local college students turn food waste into fertilizer

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Submitted by Elsewhere on 2020-Nov-10 Tue 12:26
2020-Nov-10 Tue 12:26

With help from local college students, Swissvale Borough will soon use discarded table scraps to make fertilizer and grow crops. The community, located east of Pittsburgh, teamed up with Ecotone Renewables to set up a food waste disposal system and greenhouse behind the borough building on S. Braddock…

Can we use Fish Waste as a Fertilizer for Plants?

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Submitted by Elsewhere on 2020-Nov-10 Tue 02:04
2020-Nov-10 Tue 02:04

Fish contains many nutrients such as ammonia which is good for plants growth. Now many farmers using Fish amino acid as a organic compound. It's good for all kinds of vegetables and flowers.

Response of Soil Microbes and Soil Enzymatic Activity to 20 Years of Fertilization

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Submitted by Elsewhere on 2020-Oct-10 Sat 14:04
2020-Oct-10 Sat 14:04

Fertilization is a worldwide agricultural practice used in agronomy to increase crop yields. Fertilizer application influences overall soil characteristics, including soil microbial community composition and metabolic processes mediated by microbial enzymatic activity. Changes in the structure of microbial communities and their metabolic activity after long-term fertilization were studied in this research. We hypothesized that the different types of fertilization regimes affect nutrient levels in the soil which subsequently influence the metabolic processes and microbial diversity and community structure. Manure (MF; 330 kg N/ha), sewage sludge at two application doses (SF; 330 kg N/ha and SF3x; 990 kg N/ha) and chemical (NPK; N-P-K nutrients in concentrations of 330-90-300 kg/ha) fertilizers have been applied regularly to an experimental field since 1996. The microbial diversity increased in all soils amended with both organic (MF, SF, SF3x) and chemical (NPK) fertilizers. The shifts in microbial communities were observed, which were mainly caused by less abundant genera that were mostly associated with one or more fertilization treatment(s). Fertilization also influenced soil chemistry and the activity of β-xylosidase, β-N-acetylglucosaminidase (NAG), acid phosphatase and FDA-hydrolases. Specifically, all fertilization treatments were associated with a higher activity of β xylosidase and lower NAG activity.

Testing a Bovine Blood-Derived Compound as Iron Supply on Cucumis sativus L.

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Submitted by Elsewhere on 2020-Sep-27 Sun 13:21
2020-Sep-27 Sun 13:21

A new powder formulation obtained from bovine blood (Fe-heme) was tested on cucumber (Cucumis sativus L.) to investigate its effectiveness as iron supply in comparison with two synthetic iron-chelates fertilizers: ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA/Fe3+) and ethylenediamine-N’N’-bis(2-hydroxyphenyl acetic acid) (o,oEDDHA/Fe3+). Green stressed cucumber plants were evaluated in their recovery (SPAD index and weight variations) and to test the iron reduction capacity of the roots at pH 7.5 and 6.0 using each iron treatment as iron supply. The blood-derived product showed similar effects on decreasing iron-deficiency symptoms: SPAD increments and the weights of plants were similar. Noteworthy, the average of Fe3+ reduction capacity in roots was higher for EDTA/Fe3+, while it was similar for o,oEDDHA/Fe3+, and Fe-heme at pH 7.5. Fe-heme showed a complex behavior due to aggregation and low solubility at pH 6 and showed an unexpectedly high contribution of root exudates to iron reduction.

Effect of Bacterial Inoculum and Fertigation Management on Nursery and Field Production of Lettuce Plants

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Submitted by Elsewhere on 2020-Sep-26 Sat 23:26
2020-Sep-26 Sat 23:26

Plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria have been applied to different vegetable crops but there is still no information on the effect of bacterial biostimulant application under variable nutritional level on lettuce seedlings and their performance after transplanting in the field. This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of a bacterial biostimulant to enhance growth and quality of lettuce seedlings fertigated with increasing nutrient rates and to assess the efficacy of these treatments on lettuce head production. Lettuce seedlings were inoculated with 1.5 g L−1 of TNC BactorrS13 (a commercial biostimulant containing 1.3 × 108 CFU g−1 of Bacillus spp.) and fertigated with a nutrient solution containing 0, 1, 2, and 4 g L−1 of NPK fertilizer (20-20-20). At the end of transplant production, the plants were evaluated for greenhouse cultivation. The effect of fertigation rate on seedling height, dry biomass, dry matter percentage, and water use efficiency was evident up to 2 g L−1 of fertilizer in the non-inoculated seedlings, whereas fresh biomass and nitrogen use efficiency changed up to 4 g L−1 of fertilizer. The use of the bacterial biostimulant modified seedling growth and its response to nutrient availability. The inoculation of the substrate with Bacillus spp. promoted plant growth and allowed seedlings to reach the highest height and biomass accumulation.

How much nitrogen does spinach really need?

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Submitted by Elsewhere on 2020-Sep-23 Wed 13:15
2020-Sep-23 Wed 13:15

How much nitrogen fertilizer does winter-grown, high tunnel spinach really need? Cornell vegetable specialists had heard of some producers applying up to 600 pounds per acre. Their research conducted with Northern New York Agricultural Development Program (NNYADP) grant funding suggests that growers in…

A Typological Concept to Predict the Nitrogen Release from Organic Fertilizers in Farming Systems

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Submitted by Elsewhere on 2020-Sep-22 Tue 09:44
2020-Sep-22 Tue 09:44

The prediction of nitrogen (N) mineralization or immobilization in organic fertilizers is an important tool to optimize fertilizer use, especially in intensive agricultural systems. Our aim was to derive a model to predict the N mineralization/immobilization from readily available information on the properties of organic fertilizers in farming practice. On the basis of a literature review, a characterization of organic fertilizers was performed, revealing a large variance in fertilizer properties within the defined categories and subcategories. A partial linear model was derived and used for the prediction of N mineralization/immobilization based on the type of fertilizer and the carbon (C) to organic nitrogen (Norg) ratio. Depending on the previously defined category, a strong mineralization (e.g., plant- and animal-based commercial fertilizers) or a predominant immobilization (e.g., compost and slurries) was detected. For a total of seven main categories and their subcategories, individual models were developed. This work shows that the mineralization properties of organic fertilizers can be sufficiently predicted through a simple classification into a fertilizer category and through the C to Norg ratio.

Medium-Term Influence of Organic Fertilization on the Quality and Yield of a Celery Crop

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Submitted by Elsewhere on 2020-Sep-18 Fri 00:35
2020-Sep-18 Fri 00:35

For some years now, part of society has been demanding the implementation of circular economy models and so the use of organic matter as a source of nutrients is once again taking center stage. In this scenario, the aim of this work was to implement an integrated management model for a farm and to study the influence on a celery crop of organic amendments (animal and vegetable) obtained on the farm, as opposed to inorganic fertilization. This influence was evaluated for the yield and the nutritional, organoleptic, and sanitary quality of the resulting crops. The yield and size of the marketable parts of the celery plants were greater with the inorganic treatment; however, the nutritional and sanitary quality was better in the organic treatments, while the chromatic attributes, as well as the total P and Ca, were not affected by the different fertilization treatments applied. It is therefore concluded that the organic management model is environmentally and economically sustainable.

'Microorganisms can be a great tool to achieve more efficient agriculture'

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Submitted by Elsewhere on 2020-Aug-13 Thu 10:08
2020-Aug-13 Thu 10:08

A research project developed by Ideagro to reduce the application of fertilizers in agriculture through the contribution of microorganisms is obtaining important results in melon, tomato, broccoli, apricot, and citrus crops in an experimental farm located in the Murcian district of Yechar. The Minister…

Plant-based fertilizers on par with conventional fertilizers in lettuce

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Submitted by Elsewhere on 2020-Aug-11 Tue 09:38
2020-Aug-11 Tue 09:38

Growing lettuce on water Biota Nutri's 100% plant-based fertilisers gives the same yield and quality as using conventional fertilisers. This was shown by a series of tests conducted at the HAS University of Applied Sciences in 's-Hertogenbosch, the Netherlands. Left: conventional fertilizers; right:…