IPM

Displaying 1 - 30 of 54

📄 Preliminary Study on the Control of Cucumber Green Mottle Mosaic Virus in Commercial Greenhouses Using Agricultural Disinfectants and Resistant Cucumber Varieties

Profile picture for user Elsewhere
Submitted by Elsewhere on 2020-Nov-27 Fri 09:33
2277

Cucumber green mottle mosaic virus (CGMMV) is a re-emerging threat to greenhouse cucumber and other Cucurbitaceae crop production worldwide. This seed-borne virus can easily spread from a contaminated seeds to seedlings and to adjacent plants through mechanical contact of the foliage of diseased and healthy plants causing extensive yield losses. Additionally, infection may not be limited to the current crop but may also affect subsequent crops due to the long-term persistence of the virus on contaminated crop residues, greenhouse hard surfaces and soil or soil-less greenhouse substrates. In the present work, three greenhouse experiments were conducted to develop an integrated pest management strategy towards controlling CGMMV in commercial cucumber greenhouses, by implementing an effective sanitization program and using resistant and grafted cucumber varieties. Results of sanitization highlighted that pressure washing and cleansing with an alkaline foam cleanser eliminated CGMMV on some of the most heavily infested areas. However, three successive applications of cleanser and disinfectants were essential to completely eliminate CGMMV on porous and uneven surfaces, such as cement alleyway, tray gutters and floor mats.

Plants and Weeds as Herbicides

Profile picture for user Elsewhere
Submitted by Elsewhere on 2020-Nov-26 Thu 13:17
2257

Weeds are basically unwanted and undesirable plants that interfere with utilization of land and water resources and thus, adversely affect human welfare. In croplands, weeds compete with natural resources such as light, water, moisture and nutrient which directly results in decreased yield as well as quality of produce.

📺 How water quality affects pesticide efficacy, the bottom line

Profile picture for user Elsewhere
Submitted by Elsewhere on 2020-Nov-25 Wed 11:17
2241

Water quality expert Dr. Sarah White, Professor and Nursery Extension Specialist from Clemson University, describes how water quality affects pesticide efficacy and the bottom line in this new YouTube video. Do you know how the pH of water in your spray tank affects the effectiveness of pesticides? How…

Natural Pest Control: How to Prepare Neemastra at Home

Profile picture for user Elsewhere
Submitted by Elsewhere on 2020-Nov-20 Fri 08:43
2182

You must be facing the problem of insects and pests in your farm. Here we have some natural ingredients recipe that can help you get rid of large and small insects including borer, pod borer, fruit borer and, some other insects.

CAN (BC): KPU researchers receive NSERC award for biopesticides

Profile picture for user Elsewhere
Submitted by Elsewhere on 2020-Nov-20 Fri 08:33
2189

A partnership between Kwantlen Polytechnic University researchers and an industry partner has won an innovation award for its work to create natural pesticides to support sustainable food production. Dr. Deborah Henderson and Michelle Franklin from KPU’s Institute for Sustainable Horticulture partnered…

📄 Microorganisms and biological pest control

Profile picture for user Elsewhere
Submitted by Elsewhere on 2020-Nov-18 Wed 09:07
2165

The use of microorganisms for biological pest control as biological control agents (BCAs) and biopesticides was developed worldwide in the 1960s. Despite the abundance of reviews published on this topic, no meta-analysis using bibliometric tools has been published. The objective of a new study was to…

Parasitic wasp, Aphelinus abdominalis, as an effective antagonist of aphids

Profile picture for user Elsewhere
Submitted by Elsewhere on 2020-Nov-17 Tue 10:52
2155

Aphids are one of the major pests in field and greenhouse crops. Feeding on plant sap they cause a big damage on the crop. Aphids can also spread different dangerous viral diseases. The aphids such as Macrosiphum euphorbiae, Macrosiphum rosae, Myzus persicae, Aulacorthum solani, Rhodobium porosum,…

📄 Microorganisms and Biological Pest Control: An Analysis Based on a Bibliometric Review

Profile picture for user Elsewhere
Submitted by Elsewhere on 2020-Nov-17 Tue 10:26
2158

The use of microorganisms for biological pest control as biological control agents (BCAs) and biopesticides was developed worldwide in the 1960s. Despite the abundance of reviews published on this topic, no meta-analysis using bibliometric tools has been published. The objective of this study was to determine patterns of research on microorganisms for the biological control of pests, based on publications available in the SCOPUS® database. The data were obtained from the Elsevier® Scopus meta-database using the search terms “biological pest control” and “microorganism” (title, abstract, and keywords). The main publications were identified, along with the journals, countries, and institutions that have published on the subject. The data were analyzed with VOSviewer to determine the co-occurrence of terms, and four maps were generated. The results show two phases in the scientific research on the subject: The first is the characterization of biological control agents, and the second is focused on the commercial development of biopesticides and biological control agents. The most recent research emphasizes the discovery of new species and strains that have commercial potential, with an emphasis on genetic engineering and biotechnology.

Organic Weed Management – General Tips

Profile picture for user Elsewhere
Submitted by Elsewhere on 2020-Nov-16 Mon 08:55
2148

Farmers have struggled with the presence of weeds in their fields since the beginning of agriculture. Weeds can be considered a significant problem because they tend to decrease crop yields by increasing competition for water, sunlight and nutrients while serving as host plants for pests and diseases.

Researchers might have found a way for plants to strike back at viruses

Profile picture for user Elsewhere
Submitted by Elsewhere on 2020-Nov-11 Wed 08:46
2126

Recently discovered interactions between plant and viral proteins open up new avenues for making plants resistant to viruses, thus safeguarding crop yields in changing climate conditions. Many diseases caused by common plant viruses reduce the crops of important food plants. In the worst case, potato…

📄 Bacillus amyloliquefaciens strain PMB05 aids in resistance against bacterial wilt of tomato

Profile picture for user Elsewhere
Submitted by Elsewhere on 2020-Nov-09 Mon 13:27
2084

Tomato is an economic crop worldwide. Many limiting factors reduce the production of tomato, with bacterial wilt caused by Ralstonia solanacearum being the most destructive disease. A previous study showed that the disease resistance to bacterial soft rot is enhanced by Bacillus amyloliquefaciens strain…

📅 Biological control of hairy root disease on hydroponically grown tomatoes using Pseudomonas

Profile picture for user Elsewhere
Submitted by Elsewhere on 2020-Nov-05 Thu 10:11
2053

Hairy root disease (HRD) caused by Agrobacterium rhizogenes is a problematic disease leading to substantial losses in marketable yield in hydroponically grown tomatoes (Solanum lycopersicum). Growers use strict hygiene protocols and sanitation, relying on hydrogen peroxide and other sanitizers to clean…

📗 New edition Insect Pest Management

Profile picture for user Elsewhere
Submitted by Elsewhere on 2020-Nov-05 Thu 10:10
2055

Originally written in 1991 and updated in 2000, the third edition of this valuable reference book will soon be released. Published by CABI and showing a Koppert photograph on its cover, Insect Pest Management, will be available towards the end of November. Prominent entomologists David Dent and Richard Binks of Koppert…

Arthropods and greenhouse lighting: Like moths to a flame

Profile picture for user Elsewhere
Submitted by Elsewhere on 2020-Nov-04 Wed 19:21
2048

It is well-known that artificial lights can significantly improve crop production. Despite this, little research to date has examined how new light environments impact greenhouse crop protection – both the good bugs and the bad. We know that light impacts arthropods (insects and mites), such as when mayflies are drawn to streetlights, and moths to flames. But how important is it really to greenhouse pest management?

📅 Exploring key roles of Fusarium oxysporum non-pathogens associated with tomato cultivation

Profile picture for user Elsewhere
Submitted by Elsewhere on 2020-Nov-03 Tue 07:38
2029

The Fusarium oxysporum Species Complex (FOSC) comprises a wide diversity of plant pathogenic fungi, causing severe disease in a wide range of economically important crops including banana, cotton, melon, tomato and over 100 others. The group also contains nonpathogenic isolates, some of which have been…

📄 A molecular roadmap to the plant immune system

Profile picture for user Elsewhere
Submitted by Elsewhere on 2020-Nov-03 Tue 07:37
2031

The latest advances in our understanding of the plant immune system are mapped out in a new review by John Innes Centre researchers. A molecular roadmap to the plant immune system is a detailed look at immune receptor function at the molecular level – with a focus on cell surface and intracellular immune…

How far-red light enrichment modulates tomato resistance towards Botrytis cinerea

Profile picture for user Elsewhere
Submitted by Elsewhere on 2020-Oct-30 Fri 13:15
1984

Red and blue light are the major wavelength which are absorbed by leaf tissue and used for photosynthesis while others, i.e yellow and green light are reflected giving the plants their natural color. Far-red light (FR), which is invisible to the human eye, is transmitted by green plant tissues and…

"Eupeodes-System – part of powerful new and improved aphid control strategy"

Profile picture for user Elsewhere
Submitted by Elsewhere on 2020-Oct-30 Fri 13:14
1986

With a strong focus on innovation, Biobest’s new Eupeodes-System is a powerful new addition to its aphid control strategy. Uniquely providing dual ecosystem services - simultaneously controlling aphid infestations and contributing to pollination of several crops - Eupeodes-System is in a category of its…

Call for comment on irradiation of fruits and vegetables

Profile picture for user Elsewhere
Submitted by Elsewhere on 2020-Oct-30 Fri 13:13
1990

Food Standards Australia New Zealand is calling for comment on an application to irradiate fresh fruit and vegetables. FSANZ CEO Mark Booth said the Queensland Department of Agriculture and Fisheries has applied for permission to irradiate fresh fruit and vegetables as a way to stop the spread of pests…

EC updates standards for Cucumber mosaic virus in tomato seeds

Profile picture for user Elsewhere
Submitted by Elsewhere on 2020-Oct-29 Thu 13:05
1976

As published on Monday 26 October in the Official Journal of the European Union (EU), the European Commission (EC) has updated the legislation on measures against the introduction and spread of the Cucumber mosaic virus in tomato seeds, repealing Decision 2004/200/EC and adopting measures against the…

EC updates standards for Cucumber mosaic virus in tomato seeds

Profile picture for user Elsewhere
Submitted by Elsewhere on 2020-Oct-28 Wed 07:35
1968

As published on Monday 26 October in the Official Journal of the European Union (EU), the European Commission (EC) has updated the legislation on measures against the introduction and spread of the Cucumber mosaic virus in tomato seeds, repealing Decision 2004/200/EC and adopting measures against the…

In search of tomatoes that have a better quality, flavor, and more resistance to pests

Profile picture for user Elsewhere
Submitted by Elsewhere on 2020-Oct-27 Tue 08:56
1947

Over the next four years, a multidisciplinary team of experts from 22 institutions and entities from 7 countries - Bulgaria, France, Israel, Italy, the Netherlands, Spain, and Taiwan - will work on the Harnesstom project to obtain new tomato varieties that have better taste and quality, and are more…

New testing method available for Tomato brown rugose fruit virus (ToBRFV)

Profile picture for user Elsewhere
Submitted by Elsewhere on 2020-Oct-26 Mon 09:13
1934

Prime Diagnostics, part of Wageningen University & Research, has developed a new antiserum that can specifically detect Tomato brown rugose fruit virus (ToBRFV) in infected plant material and seeds. The antiserum is intended to be used in DAS-ELISA, a testing method commonly used by inspection services…

Fact sheet: Managing Insect Contaminants for veg growers

Profile picture for user Elsewhere
Submitted by Elsewhere on 2020-Oct-25 Sun 17:48
1912

Fact sheet: Managing Insect Contaminants for veg growers bit.ly/35jEcHuThis best practice guide focuses on ways to control contaminants and assess their impact in processed leafy vegetable products. Funded by @Hort_Au @AUSVEG @VegNET_au pic.twitter.com/qOHL92JdCr

Tired of Ants in your Nursery? Read to find out 6 natural ways to remove them from your plant nursery

Profile picture for user Elsewhere
Submitted by Elsewhere on 2020-Oct-23 Fri 13:26
1905

Despite the fact that it very well may not be possible to totally free your nursery from ants, some natural techniques can help control their populaces.

"The unstoppable advance of pests and the pressure on prices make kaki cultivation unsustainable"

Profile picture for user Elsewhere
Submitted by Elsewhere on 2020-Oct-21 Wed 16:41
1880

The worrying increase in pests and the impact of the weather are causing the kaki production to fall at a higher rate than expected in the Region of Valencia, the fruit's main producing area in Spain. Although the prices that producers receive are higher compared to the same period last season, the…

A Concept of a Compact and Inexpensive Device for Controlling Weeds with Laser Beams

Profile picture for user Elsewhere
Submitted by Elsewhere on 2020-Oct-21 Wed 15:55
1877

A prototype of a relatively cheap laser-based weeding device was developed and tested on couch grass (Elytrigia repens (L.) Desv. ex Nevski) mixed with tomatoes. Three types of laser were used (0.3 W, 1 W, and 5 W). A neural network was trained to identify the weed plants, and a laser guidance system estimated the coordinates of the weed. An algorithm was developed to estimate the energy necessary to harm the weed plants. We also developed a decision model for the weed control device. The energy required to damage a plant depended on the diameter of the plant which was related to plant length. The 1 W laser was not sufficient to eliminate all weed plants and required too long exposure time. The 5 W laser was more efficient but also harmed the crop if the laser beam became split into two during the weeding process. There were several challenges with the device, which needs to be improved upon. In particular, the time of exposure needs to be reduced significantly. Still, the research showed that it is possible to develop a concept for laser weeding using relatively cheap equipment, which can work in complicated situations where weeds and crop are mixed.

Project to analyze the use of Turbofog fogging system in intensive greenhouse crops

Profile picture for user Elsewhere
Submitted by Elsewhere on 2020-Oct-20 Tue 09:36
1860

On October 15, the University of Almería has presented its new R + D + i project, carried out in partnership with the company NaanDanJain Ibérica. The objective is to develop highly applied solutions in the field of intensive Mediterranean agriculture. The project, entitled 'Experimental evaluation of…

Fruit Attraction: Webinar on research in the plant's defence system and their rhizosphere

Profile picture for user Elsewhere
Submitted by Elsewhere on 2020-Oct-20 Tue 09:32
1870

Vellsam Materias Bioactivas will participate in Fruit Attraction's first online edition with a webinar on research in the plant's defense system and their rhizosphere, which it will offer in the coming days through the Fruit Attraction LIVEConnect technological platform, which has been working since…

Right Crop Protection Methods is the Essence of Integrated Pest Management

Profile picture for user Elsewhere
Submitted by Elsewhere on 2020-Oct-14 Wed 13:04
1807

Integrated pest management (IPM), also known as integrated pest control, is an integral part of the agricultural practices in the tropical areas, for one, this is one of the most pest-affected areas in the world and grows the most of the world’s food grain. Any upset in agriculture cannot only affect incomes and livelihoods of farmers but poses a serious threat on the food security situation for the burgeoning population as well.