Evaluation of the Light Environment of a Plant Factory with Artificial Light by Using an Optical Simulation

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Submitted by Elsewhere on 2020-Oct-28 Wed 07:53
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Agronomy, Vol. 10, Pages 1663: Evaluation of the Light Environment of a Plant Factory with Artificial Light by Using an Optical Simulation

Agronomy doi: 10.3390/agronomy10111663

Authors: Kota Saito Yasuhiro Ishigami Eiji Goto

Good lighting designs can establish suitable light environments in plant factories with artificial light (PFALs). This study used optical simulations to investigate the effects of lighting designs in PFALs on the coefficient of variation of light absorption (Φp; CV) of individual plants and the coefficient of utilization for the lighting system (U). Three-dimensional models of canola plants were constructed using a scanner, and a 3D model of the cultivation shelf was also created. The photosynthetic photon flux density (PPFD) distribution in the cultivation spaces, with or without the canola plants, was estimated first. The PPFD on the canola leaves was then estimated when the lighting design parameters, such as number, distance, height, radiant flux, and light distribution of the light-emitting diode lamps, were modified. The optical simulation showed good accuracy when estimating the PPFD distributions on the cultivation shelf and the leaves of the canola plants. The results showed that while the PPFD distribution across the growing area was uniform, it was not on a plant canopy. By appropriately controlling the layout of the lamps and their directionality, lighting designs that reduce Φp; CV and improve U in PFAL could be possible, and optical simulations could help to develop them.

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